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Ayurveda 101

Posted By: Leena Mahtani


The word, Ayurveda stems  from the ancient Indian language, Sanskrit, and literally means "Knowledge of Life".

The Ayurvedic approach to life involves listening to and addressing the unique needs of your body. Recognizing and balancing your mental and emotional states while deepening your connection with spirit — your essential self.

In Ayurveda, the idea is that you eat according to your ‘Dosha’; Vata, Pitta and Kapha.

Vata is composed of the elements of air and ether

Pitta is composed of the elements of fire and water

Kapha is composed of the elements of water and earth

Vata types are generally thin and find it hard to gain weight. Vatas need to get sufficient rest and not overdo things, as they can tire easily.

Pitta types are generally medium sized and well proportioned. They also tend to be intelligent, with a sharp wit.

Kapha types tend to have sturdy, heavy frames. They are prone to gain weight easily. They often tend to have a positive outlook on life.

So, what does this mean, and how does it apply to you?

In Ayurveda, it is believed that each person is governed by one dominant dosha and eating  according to your dosha optimises overall health and wellbeing.


Balances: Sweet fruits, apricots, avocado, bananas, berries, grapes, melons, asparagus, beets, cucumber, garlic, radishes, zucchini.

Aggravates: Dried fruits, apples, cranberries, pears, watermelons, broccoli, cabbage, cauli ower, raw onions.


Balances: Sweet fruits, avocado, coconut, figs, mango, prunes, sweet and bitter vegetables, cabbage, cucumber, okra, potatoes.

Aggravates: Sour fruits, berries, bananas, plums, oranges, lemon, pungent vegetables, garlic, onions.


Balances: Apples, apricots, berries, cherries, cranberries, mangos, peaches, pungent and bitter vegetables, broccoli, celery, garlic, onion.

Aggravates: Sweet and sour fruits, bananas, coconut, melons, papaya, sweet and juicy vegetables, potatoes, tomatoes.

There are many suggestions in Ayurveda which are easy to incorporate into your routine.
Such as:

  • Eating mainly seasonal fruit, vegetables, nuts, seeds and grains.
  • Eat according to your constitution, or dosha.
  • Fast for one day every two weeks.
  • Establish a regular eating routine.
  • Eliminate or limit caffeinated, carbonated and alcoholic beverages from your life.
  • Drink herbal tea, fruit and vegetable juices.

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